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Evaluation of Danish-Nepalese Development Cooperation 1991-2016

Synthesis Report

Evaluation – September 2017

Summary

This evaluation provides a record of the longer-term changes achieved through Danish development assistance programmes in Nepal from 1991 to 2016. The evaluation has documented results achieved, explored the value-added and provided lessons learned through the Danish-Nepalese partnership. The evaluation was undertaken from February to August 2017. Multiple sources of information were used, including evidence from the documentary record, and interviews with 193 individual informants and 123 members of beneficiary groups.

Most Danida investments were done in partnership with other donors, and all of them with Nepalese stakeholders. The evaluation found that the Danish engagement contributed to peacebuilding and decentralization in Nepal as well as to the development of the education system as a whole. Other key contributions related to renewable natural resources, urban/industrial environment and dairy development. The evaluation furthermore states that of all the individual donors with which Nepal might have had a long-term relationship, Danida was among the best suited to its particular needs for intimate, non-judgemental and long-term encouragement while it worked out how to solve its own problems in its own way. It is hard to imagine any large, ideologically-driven or multilateral actor performing as well as Danida in such a context.

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations

Acknowledgements

Executive Summary

1 Introduction

2 Danida interventions

3 Danida contributions

4 Conclusions & recommendations

Bibliography

The FCG Team

Annex A: Terms of Reference

The following annexes to the Evaluation Report can be downloaded as separate PDF files from evaluation.um.dk.

Annex B: Relevant timeline, 1989-2016

Annex C: Persons consulted

Annex D: The 75 districts of Nepal

Annex E: Evidence on design quality of the interventions

Annex E.1 Human Rights, Good Governance and Decentralisation Support, 1999-2003 Annex E.2 Human Rights and Good Governance Programme, 2003-2008

Annex E.3 Human Rights and Good Governance Programme, 2009-2013

Annex E.4 Peace Support Programme, 2006-2013

Annex E.5 Peace, Rights & Governance Programme, 2014-2018

Annex E.6 Tax Reform (VAT) Programme, 1997-2015

Annex E.7 Education Sector Reform & Development, 1992-2012

Annex E.8 Energy Sector Assistance Programme (ESAP), 1999-2012

Annex E.9 National Rural & Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP)

Annex E.10 Environmental Sector Programme Support (ESPS)

Annex E.11 Natural Resource Management Sector Assistance Programme (NARMSAP) Annex E.12 The dairy sector interventions

Annex E.13 HIV/AIDS prevention and care

Annex E.14 Design Quality Summary

Annex F: Evidence on performance of the interventions

Annex F.1 Human Rights, Good Governance and Decentralisation Support, 1999-2003 Annex F.2 Human Rights and Good Governance Programme, 2003-2008

Annex F.3 Human Rights and Good Governance Programme, 2009-2013

Annex F.4 Peace Support Programme, 2006-2013

Annex F.5 Peace, Rights & Governance Programme, 2014-2018

Annex F.6 Tax Reform (VAT) Programme, 1997-2015

Annex F.7 Education Sector Reform & Development, 1992-2012

Annex F.8 Energy Sector Assistance Programme (ESAP), 1999-2007

Annex F.9 Energy Sector Assistance Programme Phase II (ESAP II), 2007-2012

Annex F.10 National Rural & Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP)

Annex F.11 Environment Sector Programme Support (ESPS)

Annex F.12 Natural Resource Management Sector Assistance Programme (NARMSAP) Annex F.13 The dairy sector interventions

Annex F.14 HIV/AIDS prevention and care

Annex F.15 Performance summary

Annex F.16 Comparing design with performance

Annex G: Case stories

Annex G.1 Abolishing bonded labour

Annex G.2 Reducing caste discrimination and prejudice

Annex G.3 Improving governance through performance-based grants Annex G.4 Promoting inclusion through ‘social families’

Annex G.5 Registering voters to improve democracy

Annex G.6 Ending police abuse of detainees

Annex G.7 Promoting equity in education

Annex G.8 Delivering renewable energy

Annex G.9 Reversing deforestation

Annex G.10 Improving urban environments

Annex H: Evaluation matrix

Annex I: Danida-funded research

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark
Asiatisk Plads 2,
DK-1448 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 33 92 00 00
Fax: +45 35 44 62 01
um@um.dk
www.um.dk

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This page forms part of the publication "Evaluation of Danish-Nepalese Development Cooperation 1991-2016 – Evaluation – September 2017" as the Frontpage.
Version no. 1.0, 2017-11-09
Publication may be found at the address http://www.netpublikationer.dk/um/evaluation_danish-nepalese_development_cooperation_1991-2016/index.html