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85% of the Danish population lives in towns. Greater Copenhagen has 1.1 million inhabitants; the next largest city is Århus with 225,000. The entire country is otherwise covered by a network of medium-sized towns. Approximately 66% of the land area is under cultivation.

Danish agriculture is highly developed, producing a considerable surplus of manufactured foods which are exported to other countries. Danish farmers produce around 25 million pigs annually. More than 85% of this production is exported, making Denmark the world’s biggest exporter of pig meat – one of Denmark’s most important export products.

Industrial production is very varied in relation to the size of the country. In addition to agricultural produce, some of the commodities which have made Denmark known abroad are machinery for the food industry, medicines, furniture, shipping, wind turbines and products of the advanced metal and high-tech industries. Denmark is well-known throughout the world for its design abilities, both regarding arts and crafts and industrial products.


Both agriculture and industry are highly effective. Agriculture and fisheries employ only 3.7% of the population, and industry and construction 23%. The remaining 73% are  employed in the service sector: 35% in public sector and personal services and 38% in private sector business, including financial activities and the shipping trade.

Denmark has an open economy and world trade is of great importance. Imports and exports of goods and services represent approx. 37% and 43% respectively of Denmark’s GDP.


This page forms part of the publication 'FOCUS DENMARK' as chapter 2 of 22
Version 1. 09-06-2006
Publication may be found at the address


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