Systematic Reviews – Questions, Methods and Usage



Table 4. Typologies of systematic reviews
Cochrane Systematic Reviews (Cochrane Collaboration, 2012a) Policymaking systematic reviews (Lavis, 2009) Systematic reviews of measurement instruments (KMIN, 2012) Examples of review types from Gough et al. (2012)
  1. Intervention reviews assess the benefits and harms of interventions used in healthcare and health policy.
  2. Diagnostic test accuracy reviews assess how well a diagnostic test performs in diagnosing and detecting a particular disease.
  3. Methodology reviews address issues relevant to how systematic reviews and clinical trials are conducted and reported.

Reviews of

  1. Observational studies
  2. Qualitative studies
  3. Effectivenes sstudies
  4. Economice valuations

A systematic review of

  1. One measuremen tinstrument
  2. A selection of measurement instruments that aim to measure a particular construct in a particular population
  3. All available measurement instruments that aim to measure a particular construct in a particular population
  4. All available measurement instruments (without specifying the construct to be measured) in a particular population
  1. Aggregative
    1. ‘What works?’ reviews
    2. Diagnostic test
    3. Cost benefit
    4. Prevalence
  2. Configurative
    1. Meta-ethnography
    2. Critical interpretative synthesis
    3. Meta-narrative review
  3. Configuring and aggregative
    1. Realist synthesis
    2. Framework synthesis